For some people, the goal of EU organic regulations is to establish a platform of the same level, so that producers throughout Europe follow uniform rules. At the same time, EU regulations are also considered as a way to ensure that consumers know that all organic products are produced under uniform rules, regardless of which country these products come from. However, many people believe that it is also important to follow stricter national regulations or rules of special institutions. This attitude was largely driven by the old organic associations or certification bodies (such as Bioland, Germany, British Soil Association). However, some governments have been implementing stricter standards in some aspects, such as Denmark and France. With the promulgation of EU 834/2007 regulations, countries with stricter organic standards have lost many opportunities. However, the Danish organic industry still hopes to retain its stricter organic standards and plans to provide several options
The options discussed include:
• Interpretation of conformity with EU regulations
• Industry Agreements
• Brand strategy
• Incorporate stricter regulations into existing regulations
• Denominate the government as "Ø"
The industry has now agreed on how to retain their standards.
Voluntary industry agreements
In Denmark, organic inspection and certification is carried out by the government. By the end of 2008, there were also special organic production equivalent standards that exceeded EU standards. The implementation of EU's new 834/2007 regulations also makes this system possible. However, the Danish organic industry, which is unified under Organic Denmark (Organic Denmark represents 3000 members: 8000 organic producers, 1000 organic processors and more than 2000 consumers), feels that some organic regulations need to be stricter than EU regulations. Organic Denmark is not keen to re adopt its own organic standards and certification standards that were shelved 10 years ago. Therefore, this scheme is a voluntary industry agreement. This agreement is an agreement between suppliers (farmers) and marketing agencies, which requires production to follow specific standards. In terms of law, Danish producers do not have to comply, but food processing enterprises and organic associations have always insisted that they continue to do so. Supermarkets did not enforce this standard for products imported into Denmark. However, most of the contents of the agreement involve meat and dairy industries, as well as those industries that are difficult to import; In contrast, Denmark is a major importer.
Organic producers who want to use animal welfare special signs must also meet the following additional standards.
All pigs must be born in Denmark
Sows should be pregnant in outdoor sheds, and the grazing area of each sow should be at least 300 square meters.
Animal pens should have natural ventilation conditions
In fact, most organic pig producers must comply with these standards, as this is a prerequisite for sales to major supermarkets, processing enterprises and Friland A/S.
In addition to the voluntary agreement, there are other restrictions or standards for Danish organic producers, including general Danish regulations to control organic and conventional farmers (such as restricting the use of copper for plant protection). Along with mandatory and voluntary standards, agricultural environmental support programmes have been implemented, and most organic producers have participated. This includes limiting the use of nitrogen fertilizer. These regulations were part of the Danish government's organic standards before January 1, 2009, but now become the conditions for obtaining support from the agricultural environmental support program. The simplified version of the regulations on the use of nitrogen fertilizer is somewhat like this:
The EU 889/2008 regulation stipulates that the maximum amount of nitrogen per hectare is 170 kg. However, according to the Danish agricultural environmental support program, in general, the nitrogen use limit per hectare per year is only 140 kg, or the maximum is 75% of the general standard for related crops. The new Danish government organic standard was put into effect on January 1, 2009, and the requirement in the annex of the previous regulations was retained, that is, the nitrogen from conventional fertilizers should not exceed 70 kg. In 2008, Dansk Landbrug Farmers Association and Kologisk Landsforning Organic Organization agreed to gradually reduce the use of conventional fertilizers by reducing 10 kg of conventional fertilizers annually from 2015 to 2020.
Difficult to execute? It should be noted that this is still a very simplified version - and what about the provisions on animal units per hectare that may affect the above provisions.
In 2008, Dansk Landbrug Association and Kologisk Landsforning organization in Denmark also agreed to gradually reduce the use of conventional straw. It is suggested that from 2015, only the supplier sign a serious statement to prove that no pesticide has been applied within one month before harvest and no conventional straw has been used as a growth inhibitor can be used. They further suggested that from 2021, conventional straw can only be used with the permission of the plant inspection office, and conventional straw can only be used in the thick straw enclosure approved before 2009.