As the world's largest wheat importer, Egypt is introducing new wheat varieties to farmers, which can resist stem rust. Once wheat crops are infected with stem rust, the minimum impact is expected to be a general yield reduction of 10%, and the most serious is 70%.
The official of the Egyptian Agricultural Research Center said that we have started to use these seeds. At present, there are two new wheat varieties in Egypt: Misr1 and Misr2, both of which can resist the fungus of stem rust.
Experts have said that the only way to defeat the new stem rust fungus is to replace most of the world's commercial wheat planting with new seeds. Egypt grows about 1.26 million hectares of wheat every year.
Egypt is heavily dependent on wheat imports. Egypt's per capita consumption rate of wheat is the highest in the world, reaching 120 kg.
The annual consumption of wheat in Egypt is about 14 million tons, while the import volume is about 6 million tons.